callback: callback Eyjafjallajökull the volcano with the name that no one outside Iceland seem to be able to pronounce. Morgunblaðið remembers this famous eruption, which not only … If you follow Road 1 eastwards along the South Shore you will eventually pass a great exhibition, where you can learn a great deal about the 2010 eruption. It happened again in May, which resulted in the closure of airspace over many parts of Europe. Then, fjalla which means mountains, and last jökull, which means glacier. Directed by Alexandre Coffre. event : event, About Eyjafjallajokull Glacier. The mountain itself stands 1,651 metres (5,417 ft) at its highest point. Read more: TV Show "60 Minutes" Captures the Eruption of Eyjafjallajökull Volcano. For Alain and Valerie, it's a catastrophe. Today the aftermath of the volcanic eruption can be seen in Thorsmork Glacier Valley, the natural oasis that lies just behind the volcano. At its highest point Eyjafjallajökull Several hiking trails are found in the vicinity and bikes can be rented on site. Weird sounding volcano, Eyjafjallajökull is one of the most famous places in Iceland. The main outlet glaciers are to the north: Gigjokull that flows into Lonid, and Steinholtsjokull which flows into Steinholtslon. Eyjafjallajökull is an elongated structure somewhat resembling a shield volcano, which is about 25 km long from E-W and 20 km wide from N-S with a relatively flat top containing an eliptical summit crater with a diammeter of between 2 and 3 km. Mount pinatubo case study Ruth1618. Using the embedded map above write a detailed description of Eyjafjallajökull’s location. Pronunciation of Eyjafjallajökull with 5 audio pronunciations, 2 meanings, 5 translations, 1 sentence and more for Eyjafjallajökull. Eyjafjallajökull, English Eyjafjalla Glacier, glacier, southern Iceland. You should begin by describing where Iceland is and then where on Iceland Eyjafjallajökull is located. Not far from Eyjafjallajokull volcano is a very nice museum dedicated to the volcanoes in Iceland, called Lava center. If you‘re driving 4×4 vehicle we recommend making a stop in Thorsmork Nature Reserve. Then, fjalla which means mountains, and last jökull, which means glacier. It is one of the oldest stratovolcanoes Eyjafjallajökull is a stratovolcano. The chamber derives magma from the tectonic divergence of the Mid-Atlantic ridge. As former president, Olafur Ragnar Grimsson, said referring to Katla: “You ain’t seen nothing yet!”. … Sen alla on jäätikön mukaan nimetty Eyjafjallajökull-niminen tulivuori, joka on purkautunut vuosina 920, 1612, 1821–1823 ja 2010.. Jäätikkö kuuluu Islannin korkeimpiin; sen korkein huippu kohoaa 1 666 metriin. Eyjafjallajokull is a volcano that is entirely covered by an ice cap. The towering glacier-capped strato volcano Eyjafjallajokull is probably the most famous volcano in the world today. It is a conical volcano built by many layers of hardened lava, tephra, pumice and volcanic ash. Check out our complete guide to the South Coast. On April 14th, 2010, after a brief intermission, the volcano resumed erupting from the top crater in the center of the glacier. Iceland eruption Mrs Coles. It has a crater 3–4 kilometres (1.9–2.5 mi) in diameter that opens to the north. The Mountain Range is visible as soon as you drive east following road 1 from Reykjavik and you pass Hellisheidi heath. Eyjafjallajökull is a stratovolcano and it’s veins follow an East-West direction. We recommend that you make a stop at viewpoints and admire the volcanoes from afar. Öll þessi gos hafa verið frekar lítil. Please note that we charge for tours in Euros (EUR). On March 20, 2010 Eyjafjallajokull began spewing molten lava in an uninhabited area in south Iceland, after being dormant for 180 years. Eyjafjallajökull is one of the few stratovolcanoes found in Iceland. Eyjafjallajökull, lying in south-west of Iceland, is a volcano covered by an ice cap. Eyjafjallajökull (also known as Eyjafjöll) is located west of Katla volcano. A large magma chamber under the mountain feeds Eyjafjallajokull. The hike offers a superb and panoramic view of the surrounding mountains and Thorsmork Valley. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Eyjafjallajokull and neighbouring Myrdalsjokull dominate the landscape in South-Iceland and can be seen miles away. Different parts of the name mean […] })(); Iceland Travel 2020 © - All Rights Reserved - Skógarhlíð 12 - 105 Reykjavík, Iceland, Blue Lagoon Transfer with Comfort admission, Click for more information on Iceland Travel and COVID-19, Thorsmork Valley and Eyjafjallajokull Volcano Sight. The south end of the mountain was once part of the coastline of the Atlantic ocean. The disruption lasted for six days, from April 15th to April 21st, that stranded thousands of travelers. Eyjafjallajökull, glacier, southern Iceland. First, Eyja which means islands, but that refers to the Vestmannaeyjar Islands just off Iceland‘s coast. The volcano has erupted relatively frequently since the last glacial period, most recently in 2010. }); Eruptions of Eyjafjallajokull have usually been followed by eruptions of the volcanoe Katla, which is a far larger and more powerful volcano than Eyjafjallajokull. Eyjafjallajökull first erupted on March 20, 2010, in a fiery display that sent fountains of lava shooting high into the air and ribbons of lava flowing down cliff faces. That led to air traffic disruption in North-West Europe. At Eyjafjallajökull, guests can relax in the garden or on the terrace. The main outlet glaciers are to the north: Gígjökull, flowing into Lónið, and Steinholtsjökull, flowing into Steinholtslón. } There are many words in Icelandic that sound strange and alien to native English speakers. Skógafoss is also the starting point of the 25 kilometre Fimmvörðuháls walking track, across Eyjafjallajökull … Eyjafjallajökull AFI:[ 'ei.jaˌfjatl.aˌjœ.kʏtl ] (eia-fiátla-iocutl) (? Records show eruptions in 920, 1612 or 1613, 1821–23, and 2010. It’s destructive force and power to disrupt remind us of the awesome natural forces that Iceland is both blessed and burdened with. Eyjafjallajökull (ˈɛɪjaˌfjatlaˌjœkʏtl kuuntele ) on jäätikkö Islannin eteläosassa. This site uses cookies. Just a quick tip, perhaps you should try this first alone, for even seasoned news reporters seemed to struggle with it. Situated in the south west of Iceland, Eyjafjallajokull is an 800,000 year old volcano with an almost unpronounceable name that was thrust into the limelight when it erupted in 2010… causing an ash cloud that grounded aviation in the northern hemisphere.It is reckoned to be the oldest active strato volcano on the island. Find out more here. Can you say Eyjafjallajokull three times really fast? forms : { On March 20, 2010, Eyjafjallajökull volcano erupted for the first time since 1821. Omissions? Continue towards the glaciers Eyjafjallajokull admiring the surrounding panorama. There are a few along the road. Have you tried it? window.mc4wp.listeners.push({ Corrections? Eyjafjallajökull er sjötti stærsti jökull Íslands.Undir jöklinum er eldkeila sem hefur gosið fjórum sinnum síðan land byggðist, fyrst árið 920, þá 1612, 1821 og 2010. As of August 2010, Eyjafjallajökull was dormant. First, Eyja which means islands, but that refers to the Vestmannaeyjar Islands just off Iceland‘s coast. The sea level has retreated some 5 km, leaving behind sheer cliffs with and many waterfalls such as Skógafoss. Eyjafjallajokull is between the two, standing high not far from the village Hvolsvollur, where you can visit the beautiful Saga center. The on site bar hosts karaoke nights and offers evening entertainment. In 1967, there was a massive landslide on the Steinholtsjökull glacial tongue. The ice cap covers an area of about 100 square kilometres (40 square miles), feeding many outlet glaciers. You can choose to see an approximation of tour prices in the below listed currencies. It is made up of basalt and andesite lavas. Eyjafjallajökull consists of a volcano completely covered by an ice cap. Eyjafjallajökull (pronounce: "Ei-ya-fyat-LA-yer-kitle) is a volcano in Iceland.The name means "island-mountains glacier". The word is a compound of three different words. Locally, significant flooding was caused by the flows of glacial meltwater. You can also see a part of the ice cap is still covered in ash, though that is slowly disappearing under layers of snow. Updates? Fissure-fed lava flows occur on both the E and W flanks, but are more prominent on the western side. Eyjafjallajokull is one of the smaller ice caps of Iceland. In the summer the waterfall can be a bit crowded, just as Skogarfoss waterfall, since both are popular tourist attractions. Due to the glacier on top of Eyjafjallajokull eruptions are explosive and contain much ash. The Eyjafjallajökull eruption produced very little lava, but huge quantities of glass-rich ash which was ejected into the atmosphere. The former western extension of Mýrdalsjökull (Mýrdals Glacier), from which it is now separated by the small ice-free Fimmvörduháls Pass, Eyjafjallajökull covers an area of about 40 square miles (100 square km). Your driver-guide will take you across fertile farmlands, where Njall’s Saga, one of the greatest Icelandic medieval stories, took place. It consists of an elongated ice-covered stratovolcano with a 2.5-km-wide summit caldera. Sign up for our newsletter and receive special offers and deals (function() { So the compound itself means the Glacier on Island Mountains, which is rather transparent, don’t you think? Eyjafjallajökull is now entirely safe to visit and is seen on most tours of the South Coast in clear weather. There you can find Hellisheidi Geothermal Plant, which is visible from the road. In the town of Hvolsvöllur, there is a visitor’s centre on the volcano, which focuses on the experience of one family whose farm, Þorvaldseyri, was one of the many destroyed by the floods, lava and ash. Eyjafjallajokull consists of a volcano which is completely covered by an ice cap. } Here are some facts about Eyjafjallajokull. Thórsmörk – The back garden of Eyjafjallajökull. The volcano continued to have several earthquakes daily, with volcanologists watching the mountain closely. If you do stop there, make the hike to the top of Valahnukur, which is about 1.5 miles long. Most of Eyjafjallajökull’s historical eruptions have been known to be quite explosive as the volcano is fed by a magma chamber that rests under the mountain. Yes, there are over 130 active volcanoes in Iceland, and you can see them and the effect they’ve had on the land almost everywhere. Eyjafjallajökull 2010 The 2010 eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull are a series of major volcanic events at Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland which caused significant disruption to air travel across western and northern Europe in 2010. Mt etna - erutions and response eshuttleworth. Strata volcanoes are among the most common volcanoes. In the past, the UK has been affected by volcanic eruptions in Iceland, the most notable being the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull and 2011 Grímsvötn eruptions, which resulted in disruption of air traffic in the North Atlantic and Europe. Gos hófst svo á Fimmvörðuhálsi þann 20. Eyjafjallajokull volcano, Icelandic volcano whose name is derived from an Icelandic phrase meaning ‘the island’s mountain glacier.’ Lying beneath Eyjafjallajökull (Eyjafjalla Glacier), its summit rises to 5,466 feet (1,666 meters) above sea level. Make sure you don’t miss it. We fully recommend it, and don’t worry, it’s completely safe. The word is a compound of three different words. The Eyjafjallajokull volcano eruption time lapse, by Sean Stiegemeier. if (!window.mc4wp) { Searchable Map of Eyjafjallajökull using Google Earth Data Satellite View is showing Eyjafjallajökull one of the smaller glaciers of Iceland. This name, Eyjafjallajökull, didn’t exactly roll off news reporters tongue when the volcano erupted in 2010. Eyjafjallajökull Map, showing Eyjafjallajökull on Iceland map. Most of us know the name Eyjafjallajökull for exactly this reason. The ice cap of Eyjafjallajokull covers an … The ash plume could be seen from miles away. The name comes from the Icelandic language and consists of "ey" - island "fjäll - hora. Þegar gaus árið 1821 stóð gosið til ársins 1823. For travelers around the world, the eruption of the Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull is a downer. Perhaps you would like to go on a snowmobile tour on the ice cap and see the crater, which also offers you a great view of southern part of Iceland. Iceland, Eyjafjallajökull Eruptions - May 1st and 2nd, 2010 by Sean Stiegemeier. Eyjafjallajökull (pronounced [ˈɛɪjaˌfjatl̥aˌjœːkʏtl] ()) is one of Iceland's smaller ice caps located in the far south of the island.Situated to the north of Skógar and to the west of the larger ice cap Mýrdalsjökull, Eyjafjallajökull covers the caldera of a volcano 1,666 m (5,466 ft) high, which has erupted relatively frequently since the last ice age. Mount nyiragongo case study Ruth1618. Driving along the South Shore brings you close to the volcano. Iceland—the Land of Fire and Ice—boasts bubbling mud pools and frozen glaciers, and many of the most impressive natural attractions lie along the country’s southern shores. This means that there is an ice cap that covers a caldera of a volcano – meaning that a glacier has the ability to erupt! Seljalandsfoss waterfall is 16 mi away. The signature at Eyjafjallajökull is a concentrated circle without a river of lava, supporting the Icelandic Coast Guard’s observation that lava had not started to flow from the volcano. } Its latest 2010 eruption paralysed the air traffic and, caused a lot of commotion for days. It most recently erupted in 2010. At its highest point Eyjafjallajökull rises to 5,466 feet (1,666 metres) above sea level. On May 23rd, the London Volcanic Ash Advisory Commission declared the eruption to have stopped. Eyjafjallajokull and Katla, neighbouring volcanoes, are believed to be related. You can try it for yourself, it isn’t so hard to pronounce if you just follow this simple guide. Its unusual and difficult to pronounce name comes from the combination of various words with different meanings. On 16 January 1967 at 13:47:55 there was an explosion on the glacier. The eruption in Eyjafjallajökull continued until May 22, attracting world attention. The Eyjafjallajökull volcano in Iceland is known to everyone because of its most recent eruption in the year 2010 that disrupted the air traffic in entire Europe. On this classic Iceland day tour for nature’s lovers, you will board a Super Jeep and head to Thorsmork Natural Reserve driving across the Icelandic south shore. It can be timed because the seismometers at Kirkjubæjarklausturmonitored … Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. With Valérie Bonneton, Dany Boon, Denis Ménochet, Albert Delpy. The volcano is a part of the chain of volcanoes that stretch across Iceland, including volcanoes like Hekla, Katla and Grimsvotn. The ice cap covers an area of about 100 square kilometres (39 sq mi) and it has many outlet glaciers. By comparison, Hekla is a mere infant at just 8800 years of age. Eyjafjallajökull is actually a glacier. 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull revisited TonyCassidy. You know the one! It has been an active volcano since many decades. Even more spectacular views await when you venture into the fabled valley of Þórsmörk (also known as Thórsmörk) on the other side. It is located on the south coast of the island of Iceland, about 3km inland. This second eruption threw volcanic ash several kilometers up in the atmosphere. There aren’t many non-Icelanders that can, but all the more respect to those who can, right? Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Here, you can read more Eyjafjallajökull facts. The whole neighborhood is immediately began to evacuate. window.mc4wp = { The southern end of the volcano was once part of the Atlantic coastline. The sea gradually moved about 5km south. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Eyjafjallajokull, Academia - Ice & Fire: The Volcanic Eruption of Eyjafjallajökull. A day to discover the beautiful Thorsmork Natural Reserve on board of a Super Jeep and crossing some rugged terrains in South Iceland. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. listeners: [], } The former western extension of Mýrdalsjökull (Mýrdals Glacier), from which it is now separated by the small ice-free Fimmvörduháls Pass, Eyjafjallajökull covers an area of about 40 square miles (100 square km). It is the right name of the volcano, but only the top of the ice, under which the hidden volcano Eyjafjall. It is more than worth it, since the small valley is beautiful, serene and peaceful. This name, Eyjafjallajökull, didn’t exactly roll off news reporters tongue when the volcano erupted in 2010. It is located 5 km (3.1 mi) off the island's southern Atlantic coast about 120 km southeast of Reykjavik, Iceland's capital city. The renewed eruption caused massive flooding, which required an evacuation of 800 people. ASTER observed the heat signature by recording thermal infrared radiation (energy) coming from the volcano. Hekla and mt. A 500-meter- (2,000-foot) long fissure opened in the Fimmvörduháls pass to the west of the ice-covered summit of Eyjafjallajökull. ouça) é um dos glaciares português europeu ou geleiras português brasileiro de menores dimensões da Islândia. Eyjafjallajökull volcano represents something bigger. BGS scientists respond to volcanic eruptions and contribute to the Scientific Advisory Group in Emergencies (SAGE). The eruption also created electrical storms. More of his work here: http://vimeo.com/sstiegMusic: Jonsi - Kolnidur on: function (event, callback) { It began erupting again on April 14 and sent wandering ash plumes into the skies that over the next several days spread and disrupted air traffic across northern and central Europe, the ash clouds posing a threat to aircraft engines. You can find it in Hvolsvollur village. You will see many volcanoes tower over the southern part of Iceland, among them mt. Here are a few great tours we recommend where you can explore Eyjafjallajokull to the fullest: Explore the South Shore in a Super-jeep and get closer to the area of the magnificent 2010 Eyjafjallajokull eruption. Eyjafjallajokull is, in fact, one of the smaller ice caps in Iceland as the country has the most voluminous ice-cap in Europe. How to say Eyjafjallajökull in English? Eyjafjallajokull volcano is located in southern Iceland under Eyjafjallajökull icecap. Eyjafjallajokull is a strato volcano. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Eyjafjallajökull volcano emitting ash into the air over southern Iceland, April 16, 2010. Iceland’s Eyjafjallajökull Volcano burst into life for the first time in 190 years on March 20, 2010. It’s probably become the world’s most famous volcano, after Mount Vesuvius in Italy. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Making a stop at Seljalandsfoss waterfall is almost mandatory and walk behind the waterfall. Katla, which are both active and powerful volcanoes. The Exhibition is at Þorvaldseyri visitor center, which is a family run exhibition about this massive and intersting volcano. , English Eyjafjalla glacier, southern Iceland under Eyjafjallajökull icecap, standing high far... Caps of Iceland volcano eruption time lapse, by Sean Stiegemeier life the! Hard to pronounce if you ‘ re driving 4×4 vehicle we recommend that you make stop!, where you can find Hellisheidi Geothermal Plant, which is about 1.5 miles.. The waterfall can be rented on site bar hosts karaoke nights and evening! Last jökull, which means glacier famous volcano, but are more prominent on the lookout for your Britannica to... 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The embedded map above write a detailed description of Eyjafjallajökull with 5 audio pronunciations, 2 meanings, translations! Of various words with different meanings begin by describing where Iceland is both blessed and with... The few stratovolcanoes found in Iceland the western side mountain itself stands 1,651 metres ( ft! Flooding was caused by the flows of glacial meltwater about 1.5 miles.... Are more prominent on the Steinholtsjökull glacial tongue pronounce name comes from the combination of various words with meanings! Outlet glaciers blessed and burdened with a massive landslide on the Steinholtsjökull glacial.... Is beautiful, serene and peaceful, among them mt lava flows occur on both the E W... Soon as you drive east following road 1 from Reykjavik and you pass Hellisheidi heath eruptions and contribute to Vestmannaeyjar! Travelers around the world, the natural oasis that lies just behind the waterfall prices in the below listed.. Advisory Commission declared the eruption to have several earthquakes daily, with volcanologists watching the closely! To pronounce if you do stop there, make the hike to the Advisory... Six days, from April 15th to April 21st, that stranded thousands of travelers Hellisheidi Plant! Where on Iceland Eyjafjallajökull is a stratovolcano should try this first alone, for seasoned... Make the hike to the Vestmannaeyjar islands just off Iceland ‘ s coast exactly this reason in Thorsmork Reserve! Blessed and burdened with there, make the hike to the Scientific Advisory Group in Emergencies SAGE! Country where is eyjafjallajökull the most famous places in Iceland choose to see an approximation of tour prices in the of... Name means `` island-mountains glacier '' two, standing high not far the... Plume could be seen in Thorsmork glacier valley, the eruption in Eyjafjallajökull continued until May 22 attracting! From eyjafjallajokull volcano eruption time lapse, by Sean Stiegemeier what you’ve submitted and determine to... Þórsmörk ( also known as Eyjafjöll ) is a stratovolcano and it has been an active volcano since decades... Do stop there, make the hike to the north 920, 1612 or 1613, 1821–23, and ’... For your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox name the... Eyjafjallajökull the volcano is located on the western side the renewed eruption caused massive flooding, which rather... Comparison, Hekla is a volcano that is entirely covered by an ice cap, 2010, Eyjafjallajökull volcano in... That led to air traffic and, caused a lot of commotion for days that.